The Parts of Speech
The chart below is a review of the parts of speech of the English language.
|Adjectives||Describe or limit the meaning of nouns and pronouns. Answer one of three questions: Which one? What kind? How many?||
The tall building.
The laughing boys threw water on the little girls.
Change when used as comparatives
(cold colder, coldest).
Usually precede the nouns they modify.
|Adverbs||Add to or modify the meaning of verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Answers one of three questions: How? When? Where?||Mary drove carefully to the hospital.||Most, but not all, adverbs end in ~ly. Adverbs may follow or precede the verbs they modify.|
|Articles||Help define nouns||
I met the new student yesterday.
We have an hour before class.
Two classes of articles: definite article the and
indefinite article a/an
The article an comes before words that begin with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u)
The article a comes before words that begin with consonants except silent h.
|Conjunctions||Connect words, phrases, and clauses within a sentence.||I dropped the vase, but it didn't break.||Some conjunctions (however, but, moreover, etc) also show the relationship between ideas.|
|Interjections||Show surprise or emotion.||Yes! Let's do it!||Interjections are not acceptable in formal writing|
Name persons, places, things, and ideas. There are two classes of nouns.
Common nouns - refer to non-specific places, things and ideas.
Proper nouns - refer to specific person, places, or things and always begin with a capital letter.
|The girl was so embarrassed that she ran out of the room.||
Requires slight changes to indicate the plural form and possession. |
Nouns are capitalized when referring to specific people , places, or things.
|Prepositions||Show the relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in a sentence.||The man was sitting on the sofa watching TV.||Prepositions usually come before a noun or pronoun to form a prepositional phrase.|
|Verbs||Express action or state of being.||This is the second time I have come here this||
Form changes to reflect person and time.
Agree with the subject in person and number.
|Pronouns||Take the place of a noun.||This is the only time he can meet with me.||Change form according to the noun they replace.|