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Nouns have both singular and plural forms.

Singular means one. Plural means more than one.

one book       two books

one car       two cars

To make the plural form of most nouns simply add an ~s to the end of the noun. Some nouns require that you change the ending of the word before you add an ~s. Please study the following rules carefully. They will help you learn how to correctly form plural nouns.

If the noun ends with a consonant + ~y, form the plural by changing the ~y to ~i and then add ~es

Examples:

baby becomes babies

city becomes cities

If the noun ends with a vowel + y, form the plural by adding ~s.

Examples:

boy becomes boys

day becomes days

If the noun ends with ~fe or ~f, form the plural by changing the ~f to ~v and then add ~s.

Examples:

wife becomes wives

wolf becomes wolves

If the noun ends with ~sh, ~ch, ~ss, ~x, form the plural by adding ~es

Examples:

wish becomes wishes

match becomes matches

glass becomesglasses

box becomes boxes

If the noun ends with a consonant + o, form the plural by adding ~es

Examples:

tomato becomes tomatoes

potato becomes potatoes

If the noun ends in a vowel + o, form the plural by adding ~s

Examples:

zoo becomes zoos

radio becomes radios